미국 농무성(USDA)의 BioPreferred: 자발적 라벨 프로그램 (Voluntary Labeling Program)

  • 미 농무성의 자발적 라벨 프로그램 최종 판의 효력은 2011년 2월 22일부터 시작되었습니다.
  • 이 프로그램은 미국 자체 생산 제품과 수입 제품에 모두 해당되며, 모두 ISO 인증 실험실에서 실시하는 ASTM D6866 실험 증명서를 필요로 합니다.
  • ISO 인증 실험실인 Beta Analytic는 ASTM D6866실험 방법의 개발에 참여하였으며, 실험 서비스를 제공합니다.
  • 참고사항: ISO/IEC 17025:2005 인증업체인 Beta 연구소는 USDA Biopreferred 프로그램과 직접적인 관련은 없습니다만, Biopreferred 라벨링 프로그램의 일환으로 시료 제출에 관한 문의 사항 환영합니다.

USDA 바이오 매스 함량 최소 요구량 목록을 보고 싶으시면 여기 클릭

신청자를 위한 참고사항 – 분석 실험 전에 우선 ASTM의 신청서 (Biobased Participant Agreement)에 사인한 후 제출해서 ASTM의 승인을 먼저 받은 다음에 분석 실험을 위해 샘플을 보내야 합니다. 승인 전에 먼저 분석 실험을 하면 설사 미국 농무성의 신청 번호를 받았다 해도 ASTM는 분석 결과를 인정하지 않으며, 분석 실험을 다시 해야 합니다. 본 연구소에 샘플 제출 전 USDA Biopreferred Labeling Process Fact Sheet 을 잘 읽어보시기 바랍니다.

반제품의 경우 – 만약에 반제품 상태로 미국 농무성에 신청을 하셨다면 샘플을 적당히 포장해서 본 연구소로 보내시면 됩니다. 본 연구소는 샘플을 받자마자 사진을 찍어둡니다. “반제품” 이란 용어는 완제품을 만들기 위한 원자재를 말합니다.

완제품 – 만약에 완제품으로 미국 농무성에 신청을 하셨다면 완제품 형태로 포장이 된 샘플(보통 가장 작은 크기)을 보내주시면 됩니다. 본 연구소는 샘플의 분석 증거로 사진을 찍어 둡니다. (즉 사진에서 보이는 포장에서 꺼낸 샘플로 실험해서 결과를 얻었다는). 만약에 본 연구소로 보내기 전에 완제품에서 직접 샘플을 만들고자 하면 먼저 미국 농무성과 상의 바랍니다. “완제품” 이란 소비자가 직접 구매하는 상품 또는 포장이 되어 있는 상품이라 정의합니다.

Beta 연구소는 미국 플로리다 주에서 적법하게 일반 쓰레기 통에 폐기할 수 있거나 일반 하수도에 그냥 버릴 수 있는 샘플만 실험 의뢰 받습니다. 그 외의 샘플을 보내실 때는 사전에 본 연구소로 문의바랍니다.

라벨 프로그램 신청자를 위한 Beta 연구소의 자세한 내용은 여기. 서 찾아 보실 수 있으며, 구체적인 라벨 신청 설명은 USDA 웹사이트에서 찾아 볼 수 있습니다.

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USDA BioPreferred Program requires ASTM Method D6866미국의 라벨 프로그램인 Voluntary Labeling Program 의 목적은 소비자들이 바이오 매스 제품을 손쉽게 시장에서 구매할 수 있다는 것을 소비자들에게 알리는 것입니다. 이 프로그램에 따라 제조업자와 판매업자는 프로그램의 요구조건을 충족하면 제품의 포장이나 마케팅 자료에 미국 농무성의 라벨을 부착할 수 있습니다. 최소 바이오 매스 함량은 USDA’s BioPreferred Federal Procurement Preference Program의 목록에 자세히 나와 있습니다. 연방 정부의 우선 구매 프로그램에서는 현재의 목록에 적혀있지 않는 제품들도 최소 바이오 매스 함량이 25% 이상이면 자격이 주어집니다. 단 주의해야 할 것은 목록에 적혀있는 모든 품목의 최소 바이오 매스 함량은 수시로 바뀐다는 것입니다. 미국 농무성은 바이오 제품의 기술 향상에 따라 최소 바이오 매스 함량을 계속 높이고 있습니다.

미국 농무성의 정의에 따르면, 바이오 매스 상품이란 전체 또는 일정한 부분이 생물학적 제품, 재생 가능한 농산물 (식물, 동물, 해양 물질 포함), 2002 Farm Bill에 따른 임산물로 된 제품 (식품이나 사료는 제외)을 말합니다. 2008년에 개정된 Farm Bill에서는 바이오 매스 제품의 정의가 확장되어 바이오 중간재나 주 물질이 포함되어도 바이오 매스 제품이라 합니다.

ASTM D6866 실험 결과 제출

신청자들은 제품의 바이오 매스 함량과 연구소의 ISO 9001 일치 여부 서류 확인 절차의 일환으로 ASTM D6866 실험 결과를 제출해야 합니다. 또한 신청인은 미국 농무성에 제품의 브랜드 이름, 연락처, 웹 사이트를 제출해야 합니다.

미국 농무성은 최소 바이오 매스 함량을 제대로 준수하고 있는지 확인하기 위해 종종 무작위 ASTM D6866 실험을 합니다.

여러 동일 제품들 – 비슷한 바이오 매스 함량을 가졌지만 제품상의 공식이 서로 약간 다른 제품들에 대해서 미국 농무성은 제품의 공식이 3% 이상 다르지 않다면 그 중 대표적인 바이오 매스 함량 실험을 용인해 주고 있습니다.

BIOPREFERRED 목록 제품들 – 자발적 라벨 프로그램에 참여하고자 하는 제품들은 이미 BioPreferred의 연방정부 우선 구매 프로그램에 포함되어 있다 허더라도 다시 ASTM D6866 실험을 통해 바이오 매스 함량 측정을 다시 해야 합니다. 단 인증 받은 실험실에서 2010년 2월 20일에서 2011년 2월 20일 사이에 실험한 제품들은 예외입니다. 이 기간 동안에 실험한 제품의 신청자는 BioPreferred 웹사이트에 있는 신청서의 “Legacy Tests” section 에 이런 내용을 고지해야 하며, 미국 농무성은 이메일로 추가 서류를 보내며, 신청인은 이 추가 서류를 작성 제출해야 합니다. 미국 농무성은 실험 결과를 연구소로부터 직접 받아 신청 심사를 계속합니다.

미국 농무성의 BioPreferred Label

미국 농무성의 라벨 (USDA label) 은 자체 도안한 라벨에 바이오 매스 함량, 그리고 다음의 3가지 중 하나를 표시합니다. : (1) USDA Certified Biobased Product, (2) USDA Certified Biobased Product: Package, (3) USDA Certified Biobased Product and Package. 그리고 Federal Procurement Preference Program 에도 같이 참여하는 제품은 라벨에 “FP”이라 적혀 있습니다.

자발적 라벨 프로그램 (Voluntary Labeling Program)은 미국에서 판매되는 수입 제품에도 미국산 제품과 같은 요구 조건을 지키는 한 동일하게 적용됩니다. 설사 수입되는 나라의 바이오 매스 제품 인증을 받았다 하더라도 미국 농무성의 요구 조건에 모두 합격해야 라벨을 취득할 수 있습니다.

신청서 제출 기한은 정해져 있지 않습니다. 각 신청서는 선착순으로 서류 심사하며, 미국 농무성으로부터 인증 통지를 받은 이후에 신청서와 동일한 바이오 매스 제품에 라벨을 사용할 수 있습니다. 불합격한 신청자는 새 신청서를 작성하여 언제든 재 신청할 수 있습니다.

인증 유효 기간은 요구되는 최소 바이오 매스 함량을 유지할 때까지 입니다. 만약 최소량이 상향 조정될 경우 라벨을 계속 사용하기 위해서는 새 조건을 충족하여 여기에 맞는 상향된 바이오 매스 함량을 가져야 합니다.

자료 출처: Voluntary Labeling Program for Biobased Products (Final Rule), Federal Register Vol. 76 No. 13 Published January 20, 2011

미국 농무성의 최소 바이오 매스 함량

2013년 6월 현재 미국 농무성의 최소 바이오 매스 함량 목록입니다. 각 제품에 대한 미국 농무성의 정의를 보시려면 화살표를 클릭하십시오.
자료 출처: USDA BioPreferred Website

품목명

최소 바이오 매스 함량

 
2기통 엔진 오일 (2-Cycle Engine Oils)
34%

Lubricants designed for use in 2-cycle engines to provide lubrication, decreased spark plug fouling, reduced deposit formation, and/or reduced engine wear.

접착제와 마스틱 제거제 (Adhesive and Mastic Removers)
58%

Solvent products formulated for use in removing asbestos, carpet, and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from various surface types.

비행기용 세척제 (Aircraft Cleaners)
48%

Cleaners designed to remove built-on grease, oil, dirt, pollution, insect reside, or impact soils on both interior and exterior of aircraft. Tentative Minimum: 48%

농업용 스프레이 보조제 (Agricultural Spray Adjuvant)
50%

Products mixed in the spray tank with the herbicide, pesticide, or fertilizer formulas that will improve the efficiency and the effectiveness of the chemicals, including sticking agents, wetting agents, etc.

방향제, 방취제 (Air Fresheners and Deodorizers)
97%

Products used to alleviate the experience of unpleasant odors by chemical neutralization, absorption, anesthetization, or masking.

동물 세정제 (Animal Cleaning Products)
57%

Products designed to clean, condition, or remove substances from animal hair or other parts of an animal.

방충제 (Animal Repellents)
79%

Products used to aid in deterring animals that cause destruction to plants and/or property.

아스팔트. 타르 제거제 (Asphalt and Tar Removers)
80%

Cleaning agents designed to remove asphalt or tar from equipment, roads, or other surfaces.

아스팔트 복원제 (Asphalt Restorers)
68%

Products designed to seal, protect, or restore poured asphalt and concrete surfaces.

자동차용 케어 용품들 (Automotive Care Products)
75%

Cleaners and protectants for automotive use including waxes, buffing compounds, polishes, degreasers, soaps, wheel & tire cleaners, and perfumes and fragrances. Tentative Minimum: 38%

목욕 용품들 (Bath Products)
61%

Personal hygiene products including bar soaps, liquids, or gels that are referred to as body washes, body shampoos, or cleansing lotions, but excluding products marketed as hand cleaners and/or hand sanitizers.

욕실, 스파 세척제 (Bathroom and Spa Cleaners)
74%

Products that are designed to clean and/or prevent deposits on surfaces found in bathrooms and spas including, but not necessarily limited to, bath tubs and spas, shower stalls, shower doors, shower curtains, and bathroom walls, floors, doors, and counter and sink tops. Products in this item may be designed to be applied to a specific type of surface or to multiple surface types. They are available both in concentrated and ready-to-use forms.

블라스트 메디아 (Blast Media)
94%

Abrasive particles sprayed forcefully to clean, remove contaminants, or condition surfaces, often preceding coating.

침구, 침대 리넨, 타월 (Bedding, Bed Linens, and Towels)
12%

(1) Bedding is that group of woven cloth products used as coverings on a bed. Bedding includes products such as blankets, bedspreads, comforters, and quilts.
(2) Bed linens are woven cloth sheets and pillowcases used in bedding.
(3) Towels are woven cloth products used primarily for drying and wiping.

바이오 복원 물질 (Bioremediation Materials)
86%

Dry or liquid solutions (including those containing bacteria or other microbes but not including sorbent materials) used to clean oil, fuel, and other hazardous spill sites.

선박 세척제 (Boat Cleaners)
38%

Products designed to clean, polish and/or protect ocean-going vessels, recreational boats and personal watercraft by removing contaminants such as dirt, grime, grease, salt and rust.

초, 왁스 (Candles and Wax Melts)
88%

Products composed of a solid mass and either an embedded wick that is burned to provide light or aroma, or that are wickless and melt when heated to produce an aroma.

카펫, 소파 천 세척제 (Carpet and Upholstery Cleaners) – 일반용
54%

Cleaning products formulated specifically for use in cleaning carpets and upholstery,
through a dry or wet process, found in locations such as houses, cars, and workplaces. Carpet and upholstery cleaners formulated for use in cleaning large areas such as the carpet in an entire room or the upholstery on an entire piece of furniture.

카펫, 소파 천 세척제 (Carpet and Upholstery Cleaners) – 얼룩 제거용
7%

Cleaning products formulated specifically for use in cleaning carpets and upholstery, through a dry or wet process, found in locations such as houses, cars, and workplaces. Carpet and upholstery cleaners formulated for use in removing spots or stains in a small confined area.

카펫(Carpets)
7%

Floor coverings composed of woven, tufted, or knitted fiber and a backing system.

체인, 케이블 윤활유 (Chain and Cable Lubricants)
77%

Products designed to provide lubrication in such applications as bar and roller chains, sprockets, and wire ropes and cables. Products may also prevent rust and corrosion in these applications.

복합 패널 (Composite Panels) – 일반 음향용
37%

Engineered products designed for use as structural and sound deadening material suitable for office partitions and doors.

복합 패널 (Composite Panels) – 조리대. 고형 표면용 제품
89%

A solid work surface found in residential, commercial or industrial setting. Products may be used in but not limited to kitchens or other food preparation areas, bathrooms or lavatories, and workrooms in general

복합 패널 (Composite Panels) – 인테리어용 패널
55%

Engineered products designed specifically for interior applications and providing a surface that is impact-, scratch-, and wear-resistant and that does not absorb or retain moisture.

복합 패널 (Composite Panels) – 플라스틱 판재
23%

Engineered products suitable for non-structural outdoor needs such as exterior signs, trash can holders, and dimensional letters.

복합 패널 (Composite Panels) – 구조용 인테리어용 패널
89%

Engineered products designed for use in structural construction applications, including cabinetry, casework, paneling, and decorative panels.

복합 패널 (Composite Panels) – 구조용 벽 패널
94%

Engineered products designed for use in structural walls, curtain walls, floors and flat roofs in commercial buildings.

퇴비 촉진기와 가속기 (Compost Activators and Accelerators)
95%

Products in liquid or powder form designed to be applied to compost piles to aid in speeding up the composting process and to ensure successful compost that is ready for consumer use.

콘크리트, 아스팔트 세척제 (Concrete and Asphalt Cleaners)
70%

Chemicals used in concrete etching as well as to remove petroleum-based soils, lubricants, paints, mastics, organic soils, rust, and dirt from concrete, asphalt, stone and other hard porous surfaces. Products within this item include only those marketed for use in commercial or residential construction or industrial applications.

콘크리트, 아스팔트 방출액 (Concrete and Asphalt Release Fluids)
87%

Products that are designed to provide a lubricating barrier between the composite surface materials (e.g., concrete or asphalt) and the container (e.g., wood or metal forms, truck beds, roller surfaces).

부식 방지제 (Corrosion Preventatives)
53%

Products designed to prevent metals from wearing away due to a chemical reaction. These may also include products that prevent ceramics and polymers from degrading under environmental factors or chemicals.

절개, 화상, 마모 연고제 (Cuts, Burns, and Abrasions Ointments)
84%

Products designed to aid in the healing and sanitizing of scratches, cuts, bruises, abrasions, sun damaged skin, tattoos, rashes and other skin conditions.

제설제 (De-Icers) – 일반용
93%

Chemical products (e.g., salt, fluids) that are designed to aid in the removal of snow and/or ice, and/or in the prevention of the buildup of snow and/or ice, in general use applications by lowering the freezing point of water. Specialized de-icer products, such as those used to de-ice aircraft and airport runways, are not included.

탈취제 (Deodorants)
73%

Products that are designed for inhibiting or masking perspiration and other body odors and that are often combined with an antiperspirant.

제초제 (Dethatchers)
87%

Products used to remove non-decomposed plant material accumulated in grassy areas.

디젤 연료 첨가제 (Diesel Fuel Additives)
90%

(1) Any substance, other than one composed solely of carbon and/or hydrogen, that is intentionally added to diesel fuel (including any added to a motor vehicle’s fuel system) and that is not intentionally removed prior to sale or use.
(2) Neat biodiesel, also referred to as B100, when used as an additive. Diesel fuel additive does not mean neat biodiesel when used as a fuel or blended biodiesel fuel (e.g., B20).

설거지용 세척제 (Dishwashing Products)
58%

Soaps and detergents used for cleaning and clean rinsing of tableware in either hand washing or dishwashing.

일회용 용기 (Disposable Containers)
72%

Products designed to be used for temporary storage or transportation of materials including, but not limited to, food items.

일회용 식기 (Disposable Cutlery)
48%

Hand-held, disposable utensils designed for one-time use in eating food.

일회용 테이블용기 (Disposable Tableware)
72%

Products made from, or coated with, plastic resins and used in dining, such as drink ware and dishware, including but not limited to cups, plates, bowls, and serving platters, and that are designed for one-time use. This item does not include disposable cutlery, which is a separate item.

먼지 억제제 (Dust Suppressants)
85%

Products formulated to reduce or eliminate the spread of dust associated with gravel roads, dirt parking lots, or similar sources of dust, including products used in equivalent indoor applications.

전자 부품 세척제 (Electronic Components Cleaners)
91%

Products designed to wash or remove dirt or extraneous matter from electronic parts, devices, circuits, or systems.

엔진 클랭크실 오일 (Engine Crankcase Oil)
25%

Motor oil providing lubrication and wear protection for four-cycle diesel or gasoline engines.

부식 방지용품 (Erosion Control Materials)
77%

Woven or non-woven fiber materials manufactured for use on construction, demolition, or other sites to prevent wind or water erosion of loose earth surfaces, which may be combined with seed and/or fertilizer to promote growth.

발포 폴리스티렌 폼 재생 용품 (Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Foam Recycling Products)
90%

Products formulated to dissolve EPS foam to reduce the volume of recycled or discarded EPS items.

비료 (Fertilizers)
71%

Products formulated or processed to provide nutrients for plant growth and/or beneficial bacteria to convert nutrients into plant usable forms. Biobased fertilizers, which are likely to consist mostly of biobased components, may include both biobased and chemical components.

필름 (Films) – Non-Durable
85%

Products that are used in packaging, wrappings, linings, and other similar applications. Films that are intended for single use for short-term storage or protection before being discarded. Non-durable films that are designed to have longer lives when used are included in this item.

필름 (Films) – Semi-Durable
45%

Products that are used in packaging, wrappings, linings, and other similar applications. Films that are designed to resist water, ammonia, and other compounds, to be re-used, and to not readily biodegrade. Products in this item are typically used in the production of bags and packaging materials.

화기용 윤활유 (Firearm Lubricants)
49%

Lubricants that are designed for use in firearms to reduce the friction and wear between the moving parts of a firearm, and to keep the weapon clean and prevent the formation of deposits that could cause the weapon to jam.

바닥용 세척제와 보호제 (Floor Cleaners and Protectors)
77%

Cleaning solutions for either direct application or use in floor scrubbers for wood, vinyl, tile, or similar hard surface floors. Products within this item are marketed specifically for use on industrial, commercial, and/or residential flooring.

바닥용 깔게 (Floor Coverings) (Non-Carpet)
91%

Products, other than carpet products, that are designed for use as the top layer on a floor. Examples are bamboo, hardwood, and cork tiles.

바닥용 제거제 (Floor Strippers)
78%

Products that are formulated to loosen waxes, resins, or varnishes from floor surfaces. They can be in either liquid or gel form, and may also be used with or without mechanical assistance.

액상 트랜스포머 (Fluid-Filled Transformers) – 합성 에스테르
66%

Electric power transformers that are designed to utilize a synthetic ester-based dielectric (non-conducting) fluid to provide insulating and cooling properties.

액상 트랜스포머 (Fluid-Filled Transformers) – 식물성 오일
95%

Electric power transformers that are designed to utilize a vegetable oil-based dielectric (nonconducting) fluid to provide insulating and cooling properties.

식품 세척제 (Food Cleaners)
53%

Anti-microbial products designed to clean the outer layer of various food products, such as fruit, vegetables, and meats.

발 케어 용품 (Foot Care Products)
83%

Products formulated to be used in the soothing or cleaning of feet.

성형용 윤활유 (Forming Lubricants)
68%

Products designed to provide lubrication during metalworking applications that are performed under extreme pressure. Such metalworking applications include tube bending, stretch forming, press braking, and swaging.

연료 유연제 (Fuel Conditioners)
64%

Products formulated to improve the performance and efficiency of engines by providing benefits such as removing accumulated deposits, increasing lubricity, removing moisture, increasing the cetane number, and/or preventing microbial growths within the fuel system.

가구 세척제와 보호제 (Furniture Cleaners and Protectors)
71%

Products designed to clean and provide protection to the surfaces of household furniture other than the upholstery.

휘발유 첨가제 (Gasoline Fuel Additives)
92%

Chemical agents added to vehicle fuel to increase octane levels, improve lubricity, and provide engine cleaning properties for gasoline fired engines.

기어용 윤활유 (Gear Lubricants)
58%

Products, such as greases or oils, that are designed to reduce friction when applied to a toothed machine part (such as a wheel or cylinder) that meshes with another toothed part to transmit motion or to change speed or direction.

일반 가정용 세척제 (General Purpose Household Cleaners)
39%

Products designed to clean multiple common household surfaces. This designated item does not include products that are formulated for use as disinfectants. Task-specific cleaning products, such as spot and stain removers, upholstery cleaners, bathroom cleaners, glass cleaners, etc., are not included in this item.

유리 세척제 (Glass Cleaners)
49%

Cleaning products designed specifically for use in cleaning glass surfaces, such as windows, mirrors, car windows, and computer monitors.

낙서와 그리스 제거제 (Graffiti and Grease Removers)
34%

Industrial solvent products formulated to remove automotive, industrial, or kitchen soils and oils, including grease, paint, and other coatings, from hard surfaces.

그리스 (Greases)
75%

Lubricants composed of oils thickened to a semisolid or solid consistency using
soaps, polymers or other solids, or other thickeners. Greases that are not otherwise covered by the other grease subcategories.

그리스 (Greases) – 식용 등급
42%

Lubricants composed of oils thickened to a semisolid or solid consistency using soaps, polymers or other solids, or other thickeners. Lubricants that are designed for use on food-processing equipment as a protective anti-rust film, as a release agent on gaskets or seals of tank closures, or on machine parts and equipment in locations in which there is exposure of the lubricated part to food.

그리스 (Greases) – 다용도
72%

Lubricants composed of oils thickened to a semisolid or solid consistency using
soaps, polymers or other solids, or other thickeners. Lubricants that are designed for general use.

그리스 (Greases) – 철도용
30%

Lubricants that are designed for use on food-processing equipment as a protective anti-rust film, as a release agent on gaskets or seals of tank closures, or on machine parts and equipment in locations in which there is exposure of the lubricated part to food. Lubricants that are designed for use on railroad tracks or heavy crane tracks.

그리스 (Greases) – 트럭용
71%

Lubricants composed of oils thickened to a semisolid or solid consistency using soaps, polymers or other solids, or other thickeners. Lubricants that are designed for use on the fifth wheel of tractor trailer trucks onto which the semi-trailer rests and pivots.

모발 케어 용품 (Hair Care Products) – 콘디셔너
78%

Personal hygiene products specifically formulated for hair cleaning and treating applications, including conditioners. These are products whose primary purpose is treating hair to improve the overall condition of hair.

모발 케어 용품 (Hair Care Products) – 삼푸
66%

Personal hygiene products specifically formulated for hair cleaning and treating applications, including shampoos. These are products whose primary purpose is cleaning hair. Products that contain both shampoos and conditioners are included in this subcategory because the primary purpose of these products is cleaning the hair.

손 세척제와 위생용품 (Hand Cleaners and Sanitizers) – 손 세척제
64%

Products formulated for personal care use in removing a variety of different
soils, greases, and similar substances from human hands with or without the use of water.

손 세척제와 위생용품 (Hand Cleaners and Sanitizers) – 손 위생용품
73%

Products formulated for personal care use in removing bacteria from human hands
with or without the use of water. Personal care products that are formulated for use in removing a variety of different soils, greases and similar substances and bacteria from human hands with or without the use of water are classified as hand sanitizers for the purposes of this rule.

열 전달 액 (Heat Transfer Fluids)
89%

Products with high thermal capacities used to facilitate the transfer of heat from one location to another, including coolants or refrigerants for use in HVAC applications, internal combustion engines, personal cooling devices, thermal energy storage, or other heating or cooling closed-loops.

유압유 (Hydraulic Fluids) – 이동식 장비용
44%

Hydraulic fluids formulated for general use in nonstationary equipment, such as tractors, end loaders, or backhoes.

유압유 (Hydraulic Fluids) – 고정식 장비용
44%

Fluids formulated for use in stationary hydraulic equipment systems that have various mechanical parts, such as cylinders, pumps, valves, pistons, and gears, that are used for the transmission of power (and also for lubrication and/or wear, rust, and oxidation protection).

공업용 세척제 (Industrial Cleaners)
41%

Products used to remove contaminants, such as adhesives, inks, paint, dirt, soil, and grease, from parts, products, tools, machinery, equipment, vessels, floors, walls, and other production-related work areas. The cleaning products within this item are usually solvents, but may take other forms. They may be used in either straight solution or diluted with water in pressure washers, or in hand wiping applications in industrial or manufacturing settings, such as inside vessels. Task-specific cleaners used in industrial settings, such as parts wash solutions, are not included in this definition.

잉크 제거제와 세척제 (Ink Removers and Cleaners)
79%

Chemical products designed to remove ink, haze, glaze, and other residual ink contaminants from the surfaces of equipment, such as rollers, used in the textile and printing industries.

잉크 (Inks) – 신문 인쇄용
32%

News inks are used primarily to print newspapers.

잉크 (Inks) – 프린터 토너 (분당 25페이지 이상)
20%

Printer toner inks (>25 ppm) are powdered chemicals used in photocopying machines and laser printers with standard fusing mechanisms and print speeds of greater than 25 ppm.

잉크 (Inks) – 프린터 토너 (분당 25페이지 미만)
34%

Printer toner inks (< 25 pages per minute (ppm)) are powdered chemicals used in photocopying machines and laser printers with standard fusing mechanisms and print speeds of less than 25 ppm.

잉크 (Inks) – 인쇄용 (검정색)
49%

Sheetfed black inks are used on coated and uncoated paper, paperboard, some plastic, and foil to print in black on annual reports, brochures, labels, and similar materials.

잉크 (Inks) – 인쇄용 (컬러)
67%

Sheetfed color inks are used on coated and uncoated paper, paperboard, some plastic, and foil to print in color on annual reports, brochures, labels, and similar materials.

잉크 (Inks) – 특수용
66%

Specialty inks used by printers to add extra characteristics to their prints for special effects or functions. Specialty inks include, but are not limited to: CD printing, erasable, FDA compliant, invisible, magnetic, scratch and sniff, thermochromic, and tree marking inks.

실내용 페인트와 코팅 (Interior Paints and Coatings) – 라텍스와 수인성 알키드 수지
20%

Pigmented liquids, formulated for use indoors, that dry to form a film and provide protection and added color to the objects or surfaces to which they are applied.

실내용 페인트와 코팅 (Interior Paints and Coatings) – 오일과 솔베트 용 알키드 수지
67%

Pigmented liquids, formulated for use indoors, that dry to form a film and provide protection and added color to the objects or surfaces to which they are applied.

세탁 용품 (Laundry Products) – 일반용
34%

Products that are designed to clean, condition, or otherwise affect the quality of the
laundered material. Such products include but are not limited to laundry detergents, bleach, and fabric softeners. These are laundry products used for regular cleaning activities.

세탁 용품 (Laundry Products) – 전처리/얼룩 제거제
46%

Products that are designed to clean, condition, or otherwise affect the quality of the
laundered material. Such products include but are not limited to laundry detergents, bleach, stain removers, and fabric softeners. These are laundry products specifically used to pretreat laundry to assist in the removal of spots and stains during laundering.

가죽, 비닐 고무 케어 용품 (Leather, Vinyl, and Rubber Care Products)
55%

Products that help clean, nourish, protect, and restore leather, vinyl, and rubber surfaces, including cleaners, conditioners, protectants, polishes, waxes, etc.

입술 케어 용품 (Lip Care Products)
82%

Personal care products formulated to replenish the moisture and/or prevent drying of the lips.

로션과 보습제 (Lotions and Moisturizers)
59%

Creams and oils used to soften and treat damaged skin.

금속 세척제와 부식 제거제 (Metal Cleaners and Corrosion Removers) – 부식 제거제
71%

Products that are used to especially remove corrosion in metals such as rust. Tentative Minimum: 87%

금속 세척제와 부식 제거제 (Metal Cleaners and Corrosion Removers) – 그 외 금속 세척제
56%

Products that are used to clean and remove grease, oil, dirt, stains, soils on metal surfaces. Task specific products such as stainless steel metal cleaners and corrosion remover products are not included in this category. Tentative Minimum: 16%

금속 세척제와 부식 제거게 (Metal Cleaners and Corrosion Removers) – 스테인리스
75%

Products that are used to clean and remove grease, oil, dirt, stains, soils on stainless steel surfaces. Tentative Minimum: 9%

금속가공 액 (Metalworking Fluids) – 일반용 용해성, 반 합성, 합성 오일
57%

Fluids that are designed to provide cooling, lubrication, corrosion prevention, and reduced wear on the contact parts of machinery used for metalworking operations such as cutting, drilling, grinding, machining, and tapping. Metalworking fluids formulated for use in a re-circulating fluid system to provide cooling, lubrication, and corrosion prevention when applied to metal feedstock during normal grinding and machining operations.

금속가공 액 (Metalworking Fluids) – 고성능 용해성, 반 합성, 합성 오일
40%

Fluids that are designed to provide cooling, lubrication, corrosion prevention, and reduced wear on the contact parts of machinery used for metalworking operations such as cutting, drilling, grinding, machining, and tapping. Metalworking fluids formulated for use in a re-circulating fluid system to provide cooling, lubrication, and corrosion prevention when applied to metal feedstock during grinding and machining operations involving unusually high temperatures or corrosion potential.

금속가공 액 (Metalworking Fluids) – 순 오일
66%

Fluids that are designed to provide cooling, lubrication, corrosion prevention, and reduced wear on the contact parts of machinery used for metalworking operations such as cutting, drilling, grinding, machining, and tapping. Metalworking fluids that are not diluted with water prior to use and are generally used for metalworking processes that require lubrication rather than cooling.

병원균 소독 용품 (Microbial Cleaning Products) – 하수도 관리 용품
45%

Microbial products used to treat or eliminate waste materials within drains and/or plumbing fixtures. Tentative Minimum: 45%

병원균 소독 용품 (Microbial Cleaning Products) – 일반 소독제
50%

Multi-purpose cleaning agents using microbial organisms as the active ingredient.

병원균 소독 용품 (Microbial Cleaning Products) – 폐수 처리 용품
44%

Microbial products used to treat or eliminate waste materials within the sewage systems or wastewater treatment systems. These products should include but are not limited to products that digest protein, starch, fat and cellulose within wastewater. Tentative Minimum: 71%

퇴비 (Mulch and Compost Materials)
95%

Products designed to provide a protective covering placed over the soil, primarily to keep down weeds and to improve the appearance of landscaping. Compost is the aerobically decomposed remnants of organic materials used in gardening and agriculture as a soil amendment, and commercially by the landscaping and container nursery industries.

다용도 세척제 (Multipurpose Cleaners)
56%

Products used to clean dirt, grease, and grime from a variety of items in both industrial and domestic settings. This designated item does not include products that are formulated for use as disinfectants.

다용도 윤활유 (Multipurpose Lubricants)
88%

Products designed to provide lubrication under a variety of conditions and in a variety of industrial settings to prevent friction or rust. Greases, which are lubricants composed of oils thickened to a semisolid or solid consistency using soaps, polymers or other solids, or other thickeners, are not included in this item. In addition, task-specific lubricants, such as chain and cable lubricants and gear lubricants, are not included in this item.

오븐 그릴 세척제 (Oven and Grill Cleaners)
66%

Liquid or gel cleaning agents used on high temperature cooking surfaces such as barbeques, smokers, grills, stoves, and ovens to soften and loosen charred food, grease, and residue.

포장재와 단열재 (Packing and Insulating Materials)
74%

Pre-formed and molded materials that are used to hold package contents in place during shipping or for insulating and sound proofing applications.

페인트 제거제 (Paint Removers)
41%

Chemicals, often solvents, that loosen and remove paint from surfaces. Tentative Minimum: 41%

부품 세척액 (Parts Wash Solutions)
65%

Products that are designed to clean parts in manual or automatic cleaning systems. Such systems include, but are not limited to, soak vats and tanks, cabinet washers, and ultrasonic cleaners.

침투성 윤활유 (Penetrating Lubricants)
68%

Products formulated to provide light lubrication and corrosion resistance in close tolerant internal and external applications including frozen nuts and bolts, power tools, gears, valves, chains, and cables.

주거용 상업용 건축에 쓰이는 플라스틱 단열 폼. (Plastic Insulating Foam for Residential and Commercial Construction)
7%

Spray-in-place plastic foam products designed to provide a sealed thermal barrier for residential or commercial construction applications.

공기 압축기기 윤활유 (Pneumatic Equipment Lubricants)
67%

Lubricants designed specifically for pneumatic equipment, including air compressors, vacuum pumps, in-line lubricators, rock drills, jackhammers, etc.

지붕 코팅제 (Roof Coatings)
20%

Coatings formulated for use in commercial roof deck systems to provide a single-coat monolith coating system.

면도용품 (Shaving Products)
92%

Products designed for every step of the shaving process, including shaving creams, gels, soaps, lotions, and aftershave balms.

슬라이드 웨이 윤활유 (Slide Way Lubricants)
74%

Products used to provide lubrication and eliminate stick-slip and table chatter by reducing friction between mating surfaces, or slides, found in machine tools.

특수 정밀 세척제와 용제 (Specialty Precision Cleaners and Solvents)
56%

Cleaners and solvents used in specialty applications. These materials may be used in neat solution, diluted with water, or in hand wiping applications.

흡착제 (Sorbents)
89%

Materials formulated for use in the cleanup and automotive, industrial, or kitchen soils and oils, including grease, paint, and other coatings, from hard surfaces.

햇빛 차단 용품 (Sun Care Products)
53%

Products including sunscreens, sun blocks, and suntan lotions that are topical products that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet radiation to protect the skin.

보온성 선적 용기 (Thermal Shipping Containers) – 내구성
21%

Insulated containers designed for shipping temperature-sensitive materials. These are thermal shipping containers that are designed to be reused over an extended period of time.

보온성 선적 용기 (Thermal Shipping Containers) – 비 내구성
82%

Insulated containers designed for shipping temperature-sensitive materials. These are thermal shipping containers that are designed to be used once.

국부성 진통제 (Topical Pain Relief Products)
91%

Products that can be balms, creams and other topical treatments used for the relief of muscle, joint, headache, and nerve pain, as well as sprains, bruises, swelling, and other aches.

터빈 엔진용 드립 오일 (Turbine Drip Oils)
87%

Products that are lubricants for use in drip lubrication systems for water well line shaft bearings, water turbine bearings for irrigation pumps, and other turbine bearing applications.

물 가용화제 (Water Clarifying Agents)
92%

Products designed to clarify and improve the quality of water by reducing contaminants such as excess nitrites, nitrates, phosphates, ammonia, and built-up sludge from decaying waste and other organic matter.

물 탱크 코팅제 (Water Tank Coatings)
59%

Coatings formulated for use in potable water storage systems.

물 터빈 베어링 오일 (Water Turbine Bearing Oils)
46%

Lubricants for use in water turbine bearings. Tentative Minimum: 46%

하수관 코팅제 (Wastewater Systems Coatings)
47%

Coatings that protect wastewater containment tanks, liners, roofing, flooring, joint caulking, manholes and related structures from corrosion. Protective coatings may cover the entire system or be used to fill cracks in systems.

목재, 콘크리트 실러 (Wood and Concrete Sealers) –표면 콘크리트 실러
11%

Products that are penetrating liquids formulated to protect wood and/or concrete, including masonry and fiber cement siding, from damage caused by insects, moisture, and decaying fungi and to make surfaces water resistant. Concrete sealers that are formulated to form a protective layer on the surface of the substrate.

목재, 콘크리트 실러 (Wood and Concrete Sealers) – 침투액
79%

Products that are penetrating liquids formulated to protect wood and/or concrete, including masonry and fiber cement siding, from damage caused by insects, moisture, and decaying fungi and to make surfaces water resistant. Wood and concrete sealers that are formulated to penetrate the outer surface of the substrate.

목재, 콘크리트 착색제 (Wood and Concrete Stains)
39%

Products designed to be applied as a finish for concrete and wood surfaces and that contain dyes or pigments to change the color without concealing the grain pattern or surface texture.

 

BioPreferred의 두 프로그램

미국 농무성 (U.S. Department of Agriculture)의 BioPreferred 프로그램에는 다음과 같이 두 가지 프로그램이 있습니다.

(a) 연방 정부의 우선 구매 프로그램 (procurement program)

(b) 소비자 마케팅용 자발적 라벨 프로그램 (voluntary labeling program).

이 프로그램은 Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (2002 Farm Bill) 와 2008년에 개정된 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) 법령에 따라 만들어졌으며, 프로그램의 목적은 미국 내 바이오 매스 상품의 소비 촉진에 있습니다.

Beta 연구소: ASTM D6866 실험의 선두주자

Beta 연구소는 바이오 매스 함량 측정 실험 방법인 ASTM D6866의 공동 개발자로 the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) Subcommittee D20.96에 참여했습니다. 2004년 7월에 채택된 이 실험 기준 방법은 방사성탄소 연대측정 기법을 응용한 것입니다. 다음과 같이 다양한 버전이 있으며, ASTM D6866-04, ASTM D6866-04a, ASTM D6866-05, ASTM D6866-06, ASTM D6866-06a, ASTM D6866-08, ASTM D6866-10, ASTM D6866-11, 최신 버전은 ASTM D6866-16입니다. 미국 농무성의 BioPreferred 프로그램의 이 실험 기준 방식의 정식 명칭은 “ASTM Method D6866″입니다.

미국 농무성과 아이오와 주립 대학의 The Center for Industrial Research and Service (CIRAS) 가 BioPreferred 프로그램에 적용하는 최소 바이오 매스 함량을 결정했습니다. 2004년 6월까지 Beta 연구소는 CIRAS의 요청으로 약 200개 이상의 바이오 매스 제품을 분석하여 1-3 주 만에 결과를 보고했습니다. 이로써 ISO 9001 인증 실험실인 Beta 연구소는 신뢰할 수 있는 서비스를 오랫동안 제공해 왔다는 것이 밝혀졌습니다.

Beta 연구소는 바이오 매스 함량 측정 서비스를 제공하며, 미국 농무성의 BioPreferred 프로그램과 관련이 없는 독립된 연구소입니다.

관련 내용

USDA Federal Procurement Preference Program

ASTM Method D6866