There are several organizations in Europe that promote the use of biobased products, such as bioplastics, as part of their global climate change initiatives.
The Bureau de Normalisation des Plastiques et de la Plasturgie (BNPP) aims to promote the use of bioplastics and bring together experts in the field. BNPP also has a certification program for all bioplastic products in France.
DIN CERTCO is the certification organization of TUV Rheinland Group and DIN, which is the German Institute for Standardization. Its DIN-Geprüft Biobased certification scheme requires ASTM D6866 testing.
DIN CERTCO is also an approved certification body for conformity assessments under the Bio-based content certification scheme, which is managed by the Dutch Standards Institute (NEN) and requires EN 16640 testing for biobased carbon testing.
The European Bioplastics is an association representing industrial manufacturers, processors, and users of bioplastics and biodegradable polymers and their derivative products. The association aims to promote the growth and use of renewable raw materials in products and applications and supports innovations leading to lower environmental impact of durable and non-durable plastic products, among others.
The “Bio-based content certification scheme” is based on the European standard EN 16785-1:2015, which calculates the quantity of biomass content in a bio-based product using Carbon-14 testing and elemental analysis and allows manufacturers to promote biobased content data on the product label. Biobased carbon testing is done use the C-14 method detailed in EN 16640.
The EEL requires that lubricants contain a large fraction of biobased material. To be eligible for the EEL, the lubricant must have carbon content derived from renewable materials of at least 50% for hydraulic oils; 45% for greases; 70% for chain saw oils, concrete release agents, and other total loss lubricants; 50% for two-stroke oils; and 50% for industrial or marine gear oils.
Source: EU Ecolabel (PDF)
(EU) 2018/1702 establishing the EU Ecolabel criteria for biolubricants
Under Criteria 4 Renewable Ingredients Requirements, products using the term “bio-based” or “bio-lubricant” needs to have at least 25% bio-based carbon content in the final product. To demonstrate compliance, the ecolabel applicant is required to submit the final product test report in accordance with EN 16807, ASTM D6866, DIN CEN/TS 16137 (SPEC 91236), EN 16640 or EN 16785-1.
The new criteria, as well as the related assessment and verification requirements, are valid until December 31, 2024.
Source: Official Journal of the European Union (November 8, 2018)
There is a law in France banning single-use plastic carrier bags thinner than 50 microns from July 2016. From January 2017, the only authorized bags will be those with a biobased content of at least 30 percent. This minimum biobased content will increase up to 40 percent in 2018, 50 percent in 2020, and 60 percent in 2025, as specified in the Decree 2016-379 published by the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy at the end of March 2016 as part of the new law on Energy Transition and Green Growth.
The decree states that the biobased content is the “percentage, expressed as a fraction of total carbon, of biobased materials contained in the bags, determined using the calculation method specified in the international standard in force for the determination of the biobased carbon content of plastics”. These standards are ISO 16620-2 and EN 16640 and the biobased content is measured using the Carbon-14 method.
Source: Legifrance (March 31, 2016)
Last Updated: March 2019