ASTM D6866 is an analytical method that measures the biogenic fraction of fuels (solid and liquid) as well as their combustion emissions.
These are regulations that recommend or require these carbon dating-based methods.
ASTM D6866 is used to measure the percentage of carbon-neutral CO2 emissions from the combustion of biomass, municipal solid waste, or waste-derived fuels with biomass.
Page 93: Click Here for the Regulation.AB32 allows fuel sampling in lieu of emissions sampling as long as (a) the fuel is supported by ASTM D6866, and (b) the samples collected for analysis is representative of the entire composition of the fuel.
Page 19: Click Here for CA AB32 FAQ
Owners/operators of general stationary combustion units using mixed fuels and waste-derived fuels are mandated to use ASTM D6866 to determine the biomass-derived fraction of their carbon dioxide emissions.
Pages 51-52: Click Here for the Regulation
WCI members that recommend ASTM D6866 include British Columbia, New Mexico, and Ontario:
– The British Columbia Ministry of Environment’s Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Cap and Trade) Act or GGRCTA
– New Mexico Environment Department’s 2009 GHG Emissions Reporting Procedures
– Ontario Ministry of the Environment’s Guideline for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting as set out under Ontario Regulation 452/09 under the Environmental Protection Act
– Government of Quebec’s Mandatory Reporting of Certain Emissions of Contaminants into the Atmosphere under the Environment Quality Act
ASTM D6866 is used to determine the biogenic CO2 of emissions from the combustion of municipal solid waste and mixed fuels (biogenic and non-biogenic fuels).
Pages 79-150: Click Here for the Regulation
Page 67: Click Here for the EPA MRR General Overview
ASTM D6866 testing is done to estimate the fossil carbon fraction in emissions from waste-derived fuels such as municipal solid waste.
Page 33: Click Here for the Methodology
When calculating emissions from waste fuels and biomass, ASTM D6866 testing is required.
Page 71: Click Here for TCR’s General Reporting Protocol
Local governments are required to identify and report biomass CO2 emissions as biogenic emissions, separate from fossil fuel emissions. ASTM D6866 is recommended when measuring biogenic emissions from biofuels, waste fuels, and biomass co-firing in a unit with CEMS.
Page 84: Click Here for TCR’s Local Government Operations Protocol
ASTM D6866 is the method identified for partitioning of anthropogenic and biogenic CO2 emissions in the TCR Electric Power Sector Protocol for the Voluntary Reporting Program.
Page 46: Click Here for TCR’s Electric Power Sector Protocol
ASTM D6866 analysis is recommended to determine the amounts of each kind of fuel in blended liquid or solid fuels.
Under the continuous emissions monitoring method for calculating emissions from combusting used oil, waste oil, used tyres, or waste, total annual emissions of non-biomass CO2, CH4, and N2O from the stacks are measured. ASTM D6866 is used to determine the non-biomass fraction of CO2 emissions if the fuel combusted contains biomass and non-biomass.
Click Here for the Regulation
More information on the New Zealand Climate Change Regulations found here.
Electricity and gas market regulator OFGEM has approved the use of a carbon-14 method by waste-to-energy installations that want to claim Renewable Obligation Certificates (ROCs). The carbon-14 method is used to determine the biomass energy content of waste feedstock by post-combustion analysis of flue gases.
Click Here for the OFGEM document.
This policy (RSB-POL-01-001) describes how biofuels supply chains may use end-of-life products or wastewater as a feedstock, and how it impacts on RSB certification. Under this policy, any fuel derived from municipal solid waste that has a biogenic carbon content of greater than 50% of the total carbon content by mass (based on random sampling done at least once every year) is considered a biofuel. The biogenic carbon content may be measured in the MSW or later in the production process (e.g. in the biofuel produced) via ASTM 6866 or EN 15440.
The Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels is an initiative of the Energy Center of École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL).
Page 7: Click Here for the Policy
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s Cement Sustainability Initiative (WBCSD CSI) cites EN 15440 as a standard that can be used to determine the biogenic carbon in an alternative fuel’s overall carbon content. The document is aimed at engineers and managers of cement producers.
Page 90: Click Here for Protocol Version 3
Page last updated February 10, 2012