The UNFCCC Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has different methodologies for specific projects. An example is the AM0025, an approved large-scale methodology concerning solid waste management.
The AM0025 (avoided emissions from organic waste through alternative waste treatment processes) requires ASTM D6866 testing to estimate the fossil carbon percentage in emissions from waste-derived fuels such as municipal solid waste. For details, see page 33 of the document. Click here for the Methodology.
The AM0025 is applicable to projects involving one or a combination of these waste treatment options: (1) aerobic composting, (2) gasification to produce and use syngas, (3) anaerobic digestion with collection, flaring, and use of biogas, (4) mechanical/thermal treatment to produce refuse-derived fuel/stabilized biomass, and (5) incineration of waste for energy generation – electricity or heat. Anaerobic processes in landfills emit methane.
The UNFCCC Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is one of three market-based mechanisms developed to aid countries in meeting their greenhouse gas emission reduction targets as established by the Kyoto Protocol. It is the first global environmental credit scheme of its kind.
Through the CDM, industrialized countries can earn Certified Emission Reduction (CER) credits via projects in developing countries. These projects must reduce or remove greenhouse gas emissions. Project owners can earn CERs, which can be traded and sold. One CER is equivalent to one ton of carbon dioxide.
The CDM began in 2006. Since then, more than 1,000 projects have been registered. These projects are expected to produce 2.9 billion CERs until the end of 2012, according to the CDM website.
Beta Analytic, Inc., is an ISO/IEC 17025:2005-accredited radiocarbon dating lab committed to provide UN CDM project owners with high-quality ASTM D6866 testing. The company has opened a facility in Beijing, China, for the convenience of clients with CDM projects in the country. Owners of UN CDM projects in other parts of the world are encouraged to send their samples to Beta Analytic’s headquarters in Miami, Florida.